Ready to go Full-Stack in 2024? We got you! Read the comparison of two popular frontend technologies to learn in order to become a Full Stack developer when you are fluent in Java. Radosław Jała, Full Stack Developer at Clurgo, shares some insights and compares two of the most renowned frontend technologies – Angular and React.
Angular VS React: main differences
Angular is a full-fledged framework for building web applications, while React is an open-source library for creating interactive user interfaces. Angular offers features like component-based routing, form validation, and project generation, making it more suited for large enterprise web applications as it includes all necessary libraries. In contrast, React requires additional modules/dependencies to be manually installed.
In terms of performance, size, rendering optimization, and backward compatibility, React surpasses Angular. The reusability of components in React saves cost and time, and developers can leverage pre-built solutions in application development.
Look at the table below, where we compare Angular and React across various dimensions:
|Steeper, more complex
|Easier, more accessible
|Two-way data binding
|One-way data binding
|Enterprise-grade applications (complex web applications)
|Interactive GUIs, single-page applications
|Strong, backed by Google
|Very strong, larger online community
|Good, but generally considered slower than React
|Faster, more efficient
|Larger, due to being a complete framework
|Smaller, as it’s a library
|Extensive (e.g., routing, form validation)
|Less built-in, relies on third-party libraries
|Supports reusability, but can be complex
|High reusability of components
|Better for large-scale, complex applications
|Better for fast-paced development, smaller to medium applications
|More rigid, less flexible with other tools
|Highly flexible and integrable with various tools and libraries
|Similarity to Java
|Higher, due to TypeScript and concepts like dependency injection
|Lower, although can use TypeScript
Learning Angular is more challenging and time-consuming due to its complexity. However, Java developers might prefer TypeScript used in Angular due to its similarities with Java (type control and dependency injection). On the other hand, those unfamiliar with object-oriented programming and more versed in frontend tools like HTML, JS, CSS might find React more accessible. It’s important to note, though, that React’s lack of standardization brings certain risks, especially for inexperienced developers. They might encounter various potential issues or make mistakes due to this lack of a structured framework.
Common Features Between Java and Angular
TypeScript in Angular supports object-oriented programming concepts, and Angular components can be organized in an object-oriented way. Like Java applications, Angular applications can be divided into components, services, and modules. They also share the use of design patterns like Component, Service Layer, and Observer. An important feature in Angular is Dependency Injection, a staple in Java web applications using Spring. Both Java and Angular commonly use unit testing, with libraries like Jasmine available for unit tests in Angular.
What is worth investing in?
Overall trends indicate that React is more popular than Angular (42% of surveyed developers prefer React over 20% for Angular). The number of React users is increasing, while Angular’s user base remains relatively stable. The preference for React over Angular is also evidenced by job market trends, with 354k job offers for React developers and 211k for Angular developers in 2022.
In summary, Angular shares more similarities with Java than React does, but it’s more challenging to learn, and front-end developers generally prefer React.
Are you interested in going Full Stack in 2024 and looking for some recommendations? Don’t forget to come back to our blog for more information on trending technologies. Coming soon!